Program Management requires advanced experience, skill and performance in the operation of a Business Unit, including oversight of multiple, related projects and their resources aligned with organizational objectives. A program serves as a way to group multiple, related projects to achieve benefits that may not be realized if the projects were managed in a stand-alone fashion. The results are business outcomes which reflect the overall performance of the organization and its ability to execute the mission, effectively manage the work and the available resources, and continually adapt to change and pivot when necessary. Based on the Strategic Vision and Mission Statements, these foundational statements and the charter for the program serve as the guiding principles for making decisions that advance strategic and business objectives for the organization. Management of the program includes evaluating and achieving operational efficiencies, often by strengthening management controls, and improving performance by optimizing management models and enterprise-wide functions and services with consistent processes, uniform policies, and high quality services while achieving economies of scale and strong internal controls. A Portfolio of Programs and Projects can seek optimization by standardization or tailoring at each level of the hierarchy.